STEEP SLOPE ROOFING STYLES
The gable roof is the most common, it has a high point, or ridge, at the center of the house or a wing that extends to from one end wall to the other. The roof slopes downward form the ridge in both directions. this roof style gets its name form the gable, which the triangular section of the end wall.
A hip roof also has a ridge, but the ridge does not extend form one end of the roof to the other. The lower edge of the roof, or eave, is a at a constant height and the roof slopes downward to the eaves on all sides. The point where two roof surfaces meet at an outside corner is called a hip. The junction where two roof surfaces meet at an inside corner is call a valley.
The Gambrel design is basically the same as the Mansard except the former has two slopes instead of four. You’ll be most familiar with this dual-sloped style as used in a barn and the design is often referred to as a barn roof.
The bottom of the slope is steep and nearly vertical before the top slope angles into the ridge. The design creates increased space as an attic can even be installed in the top sloped portion.
The open style and minimalist construction does lend itself to a couple of potential downfalls, however – the crumbling under heavy snow buildup and shaking in high winds. Metal is a long-term material solution with its minimal maintenance, but you’ll notice many Gambrel roofs adorned with asphalt or even wood shingles.
The French mansard design is perhaps the kind of roof that most looks like a comfortable hat to adorn your building. The profile of the roof actually features two slopes within one on each side. The bottom part of the roof slope is steeper so that the pitch of the roof barely starts. This allows more room on the inside and in most cases creates an extra story within the roof part of the building.
The top part of the roof slope is angled more as it meets up with an adjoining flat or low slope roof. Mansard roofs create extra space, but they can be a framing nightmare. Metal materials are most popular because they avoid difficult maintenance and access down the line.
A lean-to is very similar to a shed roof except for the fact that its single slope feeds into the side of an existing building. Some carport designs are technically lean-tos, but in modern construction they can also be found in additions such as a sunroom, home office, or a deck with a permanent awning. While the lean-to building design may vary (open, enclosed) the roof is typically constructed of an inexpensive material.
Most roofing styles are defined on how their various slopes tie-in to each other. The shed roof design however features no adjoining slopes as it is pitched in only one direction. This design is growing in popularity in modern homes while continuing to be a faithful option for, as the name implies, sheds.
Those who opt for shed roofs in their home do so to eliminate often impractical attic space with functional and aesthetic interior room. The design lends itself to a lot of natural light into the building while creating a unique profile in the neighborhood. Shed roofs still have a pitch, although one way, so they still allow rainwater to easily run off making all roofing materials viable.
A dormer isn’t necessarily an independent roof type, but more of an addition to an existent roofing style. A dormer is a window and a roof (gabled, hipped, flat, among others) that protrudes from the existing slope of a roof. Like some contractor’s tool belts a dormer can either be functional or just for show.
A functional dormer creates usable space out of the roof of a building, adding natural light and headroom. A false dormer is blocked off from the interior and is only used to boost curb appeal from the exterior. Dormers are usually, but not always, roofed in the same material as the house. To many roofing contractors they are a nuisance and an extra spot where a leak could arise, but for homeowners they serve as a priceless reading nook or way to get some morning sunshine. ?
Granted your home’s roof does keep out the rain, snow, and wind. but it also serves important insulating and ventilation properties.
A roof’s structure including the attic space and its venting and insulation is what often determines how energy efficient a home or a building will be — by either absorbing or reflecting heat.
The roof shape also provides curb appeal and aesthetics by serving as the focal point of the building’s exterior or creating vaulted ceilings on the interior of the house.
What roof style do you find most appealing?
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